Data shows that the cannabidiol (CBD) market size is estimated to be worth over $89 billion come 2026. This indicates that CBD usage will continue to grow due to its valuable properties bringing a range of health benefits when mixed in various consumables, such as edibles, concentrates, and topical products like creams.
CBD has taken over many industries, including pharmaceuticals, personal care, food and beverage, and cosmetics. When CBD is mixed with terpenes, an organic compound produced by a diverse selection of plants and the main ingredient of essential oils, the result magnifies the supposed effect.
You should know that CBD does not contain the compound that gives users the feeling of euphoria, making it a safe product that can be used even by children. If you’re considering producing CBD products, you need to take note of several things to guarantee the safety and efficacy of your tinctures.
There are different ways you can extract the oil from the plant and turn it into CBD oil. For example, CO₂ extraction systems utilize carbon dioxide, a solvent known as a clean and pure form of taking out the oil due to the absence of residue after extraction.
Another method of extraction is steam distillation. This is a tried-and-true process for isolating essential oils and cannabinoids. Steam distillation is employed to separate the volatile elements from the raw plant compounds. The vapor, which contains the necessary materials, is cooled and condensed for later separation of the resulting oil and water. This is a cost-effective and solvent-free method to extract the desirable elements from the raw plant.
Here are some tips to keep in mind during the extraction process:
- Use proper tools and equipment designed for extracting such materials and handling the solvents used.
- Work in a facility that appropriately handles the extraction of solvent. In case something goes wrong, their monitoring and security alarm can be triggered to warn of any leaks.
- Ensure proper cleaning and sanitizing of tools and equipment used for subsequent usage.
CBD Refinement and Isolation
Once the extraction is done, the oil isolation can be achieved using technology that can deliver the best quality possible for your oil. There’s a two-step distillation process to isolate the individual elements, with CBD being one of them. The first step is called Winterization, and the second step of the process is Short Path Distillation.
Winterization – This pertains to the process of eliminating the unwanted elements that were pulled out from the plant, such as fats, lipids, and waxes. Winterization is only necessary when the oil is intensely extracted at high pressure or temperature because it takes everything from the plant, including any compounds you didn’t intend to extract.
One way to filter out the unwanted materials is by mixing the oil with 200 proof alcohol stirred strenuously until it’s well-mixed and then placed in a deep freezer for the night. A filter paper can be used to strain the fats and other unnecessary compounds. Once filtered, the alcohol can be removed using heat.
Short Path Distillation – To better refine the oil and segregate the CBD from the mixture, it undergoes the Short Path Distillation. It works similarly with the Winterization process in terms of how the materials are separated. But in this way, each element is isolated and can then be used on its own.
The resulting refined substance from the distillation process is expected to contain roughly 99.5% CBD.
It’s crucial that you understand how to measure CBD dose with accuracy and precision. Suppose you want to produce CBD oils with a dropper bottle, you should know the milligrams of CBD per milliliter of oil. To help you calculate the right amount, you can follow this equation:
mg of CBD / mL of liquid = mg of CBD per mL
So, if you’re using a 30 mL dropper bottle, and let’s say you’re dissolving 600 mg of CBD in a one fluid oz liquid, which is equivalent to 30 mL, that totals to 20 mg of CBD per mL. To increase the potency, you can add more CBD to the total mg of the CBD, then divide it by the total volume of the oil or alcohol you add to get the total potency in mg per mL.
For dosing oil other than coconut oil, measure and add the amount of CBD isolate and oil or alcohol into the bottle, then mix the concoction. The natural heat from your hand will help melt the CBD, but note that it could take several minutes.
Once completely dissolved, the resulting product can be safely stored at room temperature and ready to be administered orally, as well as into topical products and foods or beverages.
If you’re using coconut oil in the mixture, heat it first until it turns to liquid before dissolving the CBD into it.
On the other hand, if you prefer to make a tincture but are hesitant about the high alcohol content required, you can opt for glycerine to dilute alcohol-based tinctures. CBD already melted with alcohol can be incorporated with glycerine to sweeten the product. Make sure to adjust the dose according to the volume of fluid.
Know Your Stuff to Produce Quality CBD Products
Ensure that you’re familiar with the tools, equipment, and material you’re using. Cover all your bases for a safe and successful procedure in making your own well-crafted CBD products. Don’t forget to consult with a professional before starting a regimen to ensure your homemade products are safe and effective for use.
If you’re in the market for the best CBD oils and terpenes, head over to Medical Terpenes to find what you’re looking for!